General Overview

 

On Thursday, January 30, the Florida House of Representatives and the Florida Senate released their recommended budgets for the State Fiscal Year (SFY) 2020-2021. Each legislative chamber’s recommended state budget serves as an important starting point to begin work on developing a balanced state budget. The Florida Legislature is constitutionally required to pass a state budget, officially titled as the General Appropriations Act, during the annual regular session. 

 

The House and Senate’s proposed budget for State Fiscal Year 2020-2021 totals approximately $91.4 billion and $92.8 billion respectively. The chart below summarizes a comparison of the House’s proposed SFY 2021 budget and the Senate’s proposed budget for SFY 2021 budget. 

 

Budget Comparison

 

 

Health and Human Services received the largest portion of funding for the House and Senate’s proposed budgets for SFY 2020-2021, totaling approximately $38.8 billion and $39.4 billion respectively. All educational programs and services combined received the second largest amount of funding, totaling approximately $26.6 billion and $26.8 billion respectively.  

 

Finally, Natural Resources, Environmental Issues, Growth Management and Transportation Expenditures represent the third largest portion of the House and Senate’s proposed budgets for SFY 2020-2021 with funding equaling $14.4 billion and $14.7 billion respectively.  

 

 

2019 2020 budget pie chart
2019 2020 budget pie chart

 

Proposed general revenue expenditures for House and Senate SFY 2020-2021 budgets equal approximately $34.7 billion and $35.1 billion respectively, while trust fund expenditures total approximately $56.7 billion and $57.8 billion respectively. The chart below compares expenditures between the proposed House and Senate SFY 2020- 2021 budgets by fund type. 

 

GR Trust Funds

    

County Funding Highlights

 

Health and Human Services

 

Shared County/State Juvenile Detention: The House and Senate proposed budget estimates the counties’ portion of total Shared County/State Juvenile Detention to be $57,600,640.  

 

Community Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services: Funded at approximately $750 million in the House proposed budget and $827 million in the Senate’s proposed budget. 

 

Community Action Treatment (CAT) Teams: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $33.8 million and $28.6 million respectively, directed to DCF to contract with providers throughout the state for operation of CAT teams, which provide community-based services for children (aged 11 to 21) with mental health and/or substance abuse diagnoses. 

 

Public Safety, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Local Matching Grant Program: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $9 million for the program, which supports county programs that serve adults or youth who are in behavioral crisis and at risk of entering the criminal justice system.  

 

Crime Labs: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate approximately $3.1 million in grants and aids to local governments for criminal investigations. 

 

Homeless Programs Challenge Grants: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $3.2 million to DCF for challenge grants, which are awarded to lead agencies of homeless assistance continuums of care. 

 

Agricultural & Environment 
 

Water Quality Highlights: 

  • Water Quality Improvement Grant Program: The House proposed budget allocates $122 million provided for a grant program (up to 50% match) to local government agencies making wastewater and stormwater improvements, including septic conversion and remediation. This item is in line with the Blue-Green Algae Task Force consensus findings. Of this total, $15 million is directed to projects in the St. Johns River, Suwannee River, and Apalachicola River watersheds, and $10 million is provided for coral reef ecosystem protection and restoration. The Senate proposed budget allocates $25 million directed to projects in the St. Johns River, Suwannee River, and Apalachicola River watersheds, $25 million for Indian River Lagoon, and $10 million is provided for coral reef ecosystem protection and restoration. 
  • Total Maximum Daily Loads: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $50 million and $25 million respectively for TMDLs and to accelerate implementation of nutrient pollution reduction projects in BMAPs and other restoration plans, including green infrastructure and land acquisition projects. Senate provision doesn’t make reference to BMAPs. 
  • Harmful Algal Blooms: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $10 million and $5 million for innovative technologies and short-term solutions for addressing harmful algal blooms in fresh waterbodies; funds may also be used for the red tide emergency grant program and to support local government efforts in cleaning beach and coastal areas. 
  • Water Quality Enhancement and Accountability: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $10.8 million for increased water quality monitoring, continuation of the water quality public information portal, and to support the Blue-Green Algae Task Force. This matched the Governor’s proposed budget. 
  • Springs Restoration: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $50 million from the Land Acquisition Trust Fund for springs restoration projects and land acquisition to protect springs. This matched the Governor’s proposed budget. 

 

Land Acquisition Funding Highlights: 

  • Florida Forever: House - $20 million Senate - $125 million ($92 million on land acquisition, $8.6 million on Rural and Family Lands)  
  • Florida Communities Trust: House $0; $10 million in Senate 
  • Florida Recreation Development Assistance Grants: House $0; Senate $12.3 million.  

 

Beach Management Funding Assistance Program: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $50 million for grants and aids to local governments and non-state entities for beach management assistance.  

 

Resilient Coastline Initiative: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $5.5 million and $10 million respectively to assist local governments with sea level rise planning and coastal resilience projects, including storm resiliency as well as coral reef restoration and monitoring.  

 

Mosquito Control Programs: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $2.7 million.  

 

Transportation and Economic Development

 

Affordable Housing:  

  • The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $73.2 million and $267.2 million respectively for the State Housing Initiatives Partnership (SHIP).  
  • The House swept $65 million from this trust fund to the General Revenue Fund; the Senate did not sweep. 
  • The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $48.8 million and $119.8 million respectively for the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program (SAIL).  
  • The House swept $135 million from this trust fund to the General Revenue Fund; the Senate did not sweep.  
  • The total amount of housing trust fund sweeps by the House was $200 million. 

 

Job Growth Grant Fund: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $0 and $20 million respectively.  

 

Visit Florida: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $0 and $52.5 million respectively.  

 

Small County Outreach Program (SCOP): The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $85.1 million.  

 

Small County Road Assistance Program (SCRAP): The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $37.6 million.  

 

General Government

 

Library Grants and Library Cooperatives: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $26 million and $21.5 million respectively.  

 

Fiscally Constrained County Funding: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $31.1 million to offset the impacts of previously approved constitutional amendments. 

 

Emergency Distributions: The House and Senate proposed budgets allocate $25.1 million for emergency distribution revenue sharing for small counties.  

 

Implementing & Conforming Bills

 

Appropriations Implementing and Conforming bills make certain changes to substantive law in order to implement the proposed General Appropriations Act. Bills of notice include: 

 

1. FRS Contribution Rates (SB --- / APC 20-04 ): Modifies employer contribution rates.  

 

Employer normal contribution rates for each membership class of FRS (Defined Benefit and Defined Investment) are amended as follows: 

 

 

To address unfunded actuarial liabilities (UAL) of the system, the bill amends the current 2020 employer contribution rates for each membership class of FRS as follows:  

 

 

The House Proposed Implementing and Conforming bills may be found here

 

The Senate Proposed Implementing bill may be found here